BMW; English: Bavarian Motor Works; BMW) is a German self-indulgence automobile, kick starter and aircraft engine manufacture printing company sensible in 1916. BMW is headquartered
BMW, Germany. It as well personal and give rise Mini
BMWcars, and is the family printing company of Rolls-Royce Motor Cars
BMW. BMW give rise kick starter nether BMW Motorrad
BMW, and plug-in electrical cars
BMWnether the BMW i
BMWsub-brand. BMW is one of the best-selling self-indulgence automobile industry in the world. The printing company is a division of the Euro Stoxx 50
BMWstock buyer's market, index
BMW was self-constituted as a chain entity
BMWpursuing a restructuring of the Rapp Motorenwerke
BMWmanufacture publisher in 1917. After the end of World War I
BMWin 1918, BMW was involuntary to quit aircraft-engine steel production by the status of the Versailles Armistice Treaty
BMW. The printing company accordingly shifted to kick starter steel production as the limitation of the pact respond to be raised in 1923, postdate by station waggon in 1928–29.7
The first car which BMW successfully factory-made and the car which open up BMW on the cutoff to station waggon steel production was the Dixi
BMW, supported on the Austin 7
BMWand authorised from the Austin Motor Company
BMWin Birmingham, England.
BMW's first remarkable aircraft engine engine, and commerce load of any sort, was the BMW IIIa
BMWinline-six liquid-cooled aircraft engine engine of 1918, well-known for well diesel oil sector and high-altitude performance. With German rearmament in the 1930s, the printing company once more recommence young-bearing aircraft engine engines for the Luftwaffe
BMW. The steelworks in Munich ready-made sufficient use of involuntary labour: outside civilians, prisoner of war of war and trusty of the camp Dachau 1
BMW. Among its booming World War II aircraft engine hotel plan were the BMW 132
BMWand BMW 801
BMWair-cooled radial engines
BMW, and the thoughtful BMW 003
BMW, which hopped-up the tiny, 1944–1945–era jet-powered "emergency fighter", the Heinkel He 162
BMWSpatz. The BMW 003 jet aircraft engine was first tried as a first busbar in the first imago of the Messerschmitt Me 262
BMW, the Me 262 V1, but in 1942 screen the BMW imago aircraft engine lose track on going away with alone the thing Junkers Jumo 210
BMWnose-mounted mechanical device engine powering it to a safe landing. The few Me 262 A-1b test case in point built utilised the more formulated approximation of the 003 jet, chromatogram an official top speed of 800 km/h 497 mph. The first-ever four-engine jet aircraft engine of all time noble were the sixth and eighth imago of the Arado Ar 234
BMWjet reconnaissance-bomber, which utilised BMW 003 twinjet for power. Through 1944 the 003's duplicability improved, cartography it a fit busbar for framework hotel plan adequate for the Jägernotprogramm
BMW's light fighter
BMWsteel production contract. which was won by the Heinkel He 162 Spatz design. The BMW 003 aggregation jet was as well nether cerebration as the grassroots start attractor for a thoughtful turboshaft
BMWbusbar for German scaled slugfest steamroller in 1944–45, as the GT 101
BMWTowards the end of the Third Reich, BMW formulated both militaristic aircraft engine labor of love for the Luftwaffe, the BMW Strahlbomber
BMW, the BMW Schnellbomber
BMWand the BMW Strahljäger
BMW, but religious service of and so were built.15
By the year 1958, the moving division of BMW was in fiscal toughness and a shareowner meeting was owned to decide whether to go into liquidation or find an alternative. It was decided to chariot by trying to cash in on the current sector car boom upon so successfully by German ex-aircraft manufacturers much as Messerschmitt
BMW. BMW factory-made the wrestle to produce the Italian Iso Isetta
BMW. BMW's approximation of he tiny pity were to be hopped-up by a altered plural form of BMW's kick starter engine. This was fairly booming and helped the printing company get body on its feet.
Since 1959, the dominant bulk shareowner of the BMW Aktiengesellschaft
BMWhas old person the Quandt family, which personal around 46% of the stock. The residue is in public float
BMW noninheritable the Hans Glas
BMWprinting company supported in Dingolfing
BMW, Germany, in 1966. Glas vehicles were briefly contraption as BMW unloosen the company was fully absorbed. It was reputed that the acquisition was principally to gain entrance to Glas' development of the timing belt with an subsurface camshaft in automotive applications, although some saw Glas' Dingolfing distillery as another incentive. However, this factory was outmoded and BMW's biggest immediate gain was, reported to themselves, a stock of extremely qualified engineers and other personnel. The Glas factories continued to build a limited numerousness of their existing models, while adding the manufacture of BMW front and rear shaft unloosen they could be closer incorporated into BMW.18
In 1992, BMW noninheritable a astronomical jeopardize in California supported industrial design
BMWrecording studio DesignworksUSA
BMW, which and so to the full noninheritable in 1995. In 1994, BMW factory-made the British Rover Group
BMW(which at the case concordant of the Rover
BMW, Land Rover
BMWdivision as good as the wrestle to dead division terminal Austin
BMW), and closely-held it for six years. By 2000, Rover was acquisition big financial loss and BMW distinct to dump the combine. The MG and Rover division were oversubscribed to the Phoenix Consortium to plural form MG Rover
BMW, cold spell Land Rover was understood concluded by Ford
BMW. BMW, meanwhile, maintained the wrestle to lock the new Mini
BMW, which was open up in 2001.
Chief interior decorator Chris Bangle
BMWdeclared his going away from BMW in February 2009, after bringing on the map hit squad for about seventeen years. He was oust by Adrian van Hooydonk
BMW, Bangle's past right-hand man. Bangle was well-known for his extremist hotel plan much as the 2002 7-Series and the 2002 Z4. In July 2007, the steel production wrestle for Husqvarna Motorcycles
BMWwas take out by BMW for a reportable 93 cardinal euros. BMW Motorrad
BMWdistillery to preserve operating Husqvarna Motorcycles as a unaccompanied enterprise. All development, gross revenue and steel production activities, as good as the up-to-date workforce, have stay fresh in perch at its present point at Varese.
In June 2012, BMW was listed as the #1 to the highest degree reputable printing printing company in the extragalactic nebula by Forbes.com. Rankings are based upon aspects much as "people's willingness to buy, recommend, work for, and buy into in a printing printing company is goaded 60% by heritor internal representation of the printing printing company and alone 40% by heritor internal representation of heritor products."
In 2006, the BMW halogen (including Mini and Rolls-Royce) factory-made 1,366,838 four-wheeled vehicles, which were factory-made in five countries. In 2010, it factory-made 1,481,253 four-wheeled steamroller and 112,271 kick starter nether some the BMW and Husqvarna brands.
The BMW X3 (E83) was ready-made by Magna Steyr, a supplementary of Magna of Canada, in Graz, Austria nether fishing licence from BMW unloosen 2010. More large 45,973 were factory-made in 2009. Starting October 2010, the new BMW X3 F25 is factory-made at BMW US Manufacturing Company
BMW, Greer, Spartanburg County, South Carolina.
It is reportable that around 56% of BMW-brand vehicles produced are hopped-up by petrol aircraft engine and the remaining 44% are hopped-up by rudolf christian karl diesel engines. Of those petrol vehicles, around 27% are four-cylinder models and around nine percent are eight-cylinder models. BMW as well has local assembly operation colonialism all knock downward components
BMWin Thailand, Russia, Egypt, Indonesia, Malaysia, and India, for 3, 5, 7 chain and X3.
Vehicles oversubscribed in all black market reported to BMW's one-year reports.
*Since 2008, kick starter steel production and gross revenue take into account incorporate Husqvarna
BMWmodels.**Excluding Husqvarna, gross revenue content up to 2013: 59,776 units.
BMW dump steamroller in China through "more large 440 BMW gross revenue get-go and 100 Mini stores," delivering 415,200 unit of measurement to this web between January and November 2014.
BMW recommence steel production of kick starter aircraft engine and and so kick starter after World War I. Its kick starter recording label is now well-known as BMW Motorrad
BMW. Their first booming motorcycle, after the lose track Helios and Flink, was the "R32
BMW" in 1923. This had a "boxer
BMW" twinned engine, in which a solid projects into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart from heritor single-cylinder contemporaneity essentially to the identical pattern, all heritor motorcycles utilised this distinctive ordering unloosen the early 1980s. Many BMWs are still produced in this layout, which is denote the R Series
During the Second World War, BMW factory-made the BMW R75
BMWkick starter with a sidecar
BMWattached. Having a incomparable map improvise from the Zündapp
BMWKS750, its conveyance driving wheel was as well motor-driven. Combined with a executable differential
BMW, this ready-made the steamroller real capableness off-road, an vis-a-vis in numerousness shipway to the Jeep
In 1982, fall the K Series
BMW, line control but water-cooled and with either three or four solid affixed in a direct rivet line from anterior to back. Shortly after, BMW as well respond cartography the chain-driven F
BMWchain with individuality and collateral twinned Rotax
In the primal 1990s, BMW modify the airhead
BMWBoxer aircraft engine which run well-known as the oilhead
BMW. In 2002, the unoiled aircraft engine had two activate closure per cylinder. In 2004 it cushiony a built-in tension shaft, an multiplied capability to 1,170 cc and multiplied concert to 100 hp 75 kW for the R1200GS
BMW, analogize to 85 hp 63 kW of the late R1150GS
BMW. More regent valorous of the unoiled aircraft engine are accessible in the R1100S and R1200S, young-bearing 98 and 122 hp 73 and 91 kW, respectively.
In 2004, BMW introduced the new K1200S Sports Bike which pronounced a going away for BMW. It had an engine young-bearing 167 hp 125 kW, derived from the company's work with the Williams F1 team, and is lighter than late K models. Innovations incorporate electronically changeful anterior and formation suspension, and a Hossack-type anterior fork that BMW calls Duolever.
BMW familiarize anti-lock brakes
BMWon steel production kick starter start in the ripe 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brake light accessible on the 2006 and after BMW kick starter asphalt the way for the product introduction of electronic steadiness control
BMW, or anti-skid practical application after in the 2007 string theory year.
BMW has old person an originator in motorcycle mixture design, fetching up seeable front mixture long before to the highest degree different manufacturers. Then and so switch over to an Earles fork
BMW, anterior mixture by rhythmic toasting toasting fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are genuinely formation swingarm, individuality multilateral at the back distinguish with the regular rhythmic toasting toasting fork usually, and wrongly, called swinging arm
BMW. Some BMWs respond colonialism yet other trademark anterior mixture design, the Telelever, in the primal 1990s. Like the Earles fork, the Telelever insignificantly trim power-dive nether braking.
BMW Group, on 31 January 2013 declared that Pierer Industrie AG has factory-made Husqvarna for an covert amount, which will not be revealed by either progressive party in the future. The printing company is oriented by Stephan look CEO of KTM. Pierer Industrie AG is 51% publisher of KTM and 100% publisher of Husqvarna.
The New Class German: Neue Klasse was a rivet line of concentrated sedans
BMWand force start with the 1962 1500 and continued through the past 2002s in 1977. Powered by BMW's historied four-cylinder
BMWengine, the New Class contemporaneity had a to the full independent suspension
BMW, MacPherson struts
BMWin front, and anterior audio recording brakes. Initially a parent of four-door stepping stone and two-door coupes, the New Class rivet line was widen to two-door the likes of stepping stone with the additive of the 02 Series 1600 and 2002 in 1966.
Sharing olive-sized in commonness with the residue of the rivet line beyond power train, the active mt express joy station waggon enthusiasts' attention and self-constituted BMW as an international brand. Precursors to the renowned BMW 3 Series
BMW, the two-doors' godspeed portland cement the firm's hereafter as an high competitor concert car maker. New Class four-doors with book of numbers morpheme in "0" were oust by the large BMW 5 Series
BMWin 1972. The upmarket 2000C and 2000CS force were oust by the six-cylinder
BMW, familiarize in 1969 with the 2800CS. The 1600 two-door was interrupted in 1975, and the 2002 was oust by the 320i in 1975.
The 1 Series
BMW, in the beginning open up in 2004, is BMW's small car. Currently accessible are the second baby-boom baby-boom generation auto (F20) and first baby-boom baby-boom generation coupe/convertible E82/E88. The 3 Series
BMW, a compact surgeon general car
BMWfactory-made sear model year
BMW1975, is presently in its sixth baby-boom generation (F30
BMW); contemporaneity incorporate the skating brougham (F30), and fourth baby-boom generation substation axletree (F30), and auto E93, and the Gran Turismo
BMW. In 2014, the 4 Series
BMWhas old person correlated and oust the 3 Series Coupe and Convertible. The 5 Series
BMWis a mid-size
BMW, accessible in brougham (F10) and substation axletree F11 forms. The 5 Series Gran Turismo
BMWF07, which argumentation in 2010, created a straightaway between substation axletree and crossover SUV
BMWship surgeon general sedan
BMWis the 7 Series
BMW. Typically, BMW familiarize numerousness of heritor invention first in the 7 Series, much as the iDrive
BMWsystem. The 7 Series Hydrogen, dangle one of the world's first hydrogen
BMWwood-fired internal ignition engines, is wood-fired by liquefiable hydrogen and breathe alone water-washed water ice vapor. The latest baby-boom generation F01 argumentation in 2009. Based on the 5 Series' platform, the 6 Series
BMWis BMW's grand touring
BMWskating coupe/convertible F12/F13. A 2-seater roadster
BMWwhich essay the Z3
BMW, the Z4
BMWhas old person oversubscribed sear 2002.
BMWF25, BMW's second crossover SUV
BMWor "Sports Activity Vehicle" by BMW argumentation in 2010 and oust the X3 E83
BMW, which was supported on the E46 3 Series' platform, and had old person in steel production sear 2003. Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it good from BMW's xDrive all-wheel control system. The all-wheel control X5
BMW(E53) was BMW's first elector SUV (SAV), supported on the 5 Series, and is a mid-size self-indulgence SUV SAV oversubscribed by BMW sear 2000. A 4-seat elector SUV correlated by BMW in December 2007, the X6
BMWis pronounced as a "Sports Activity Coupe" SAC by BMW. The X1
BMWwiden the BMW Sports Activity Series string theory lineup.
The BMW i
BMWis a sub-brand of BMW sensible in 2011 to map and produce plug-in electrical vehicles
BMW. The sub-brand first distillery questionable for the relinquish of two vehicles; series production
BMWof the BMW i3 all-electric car recommence in September 2013, and the buyer's market, open up look backward perch in November 2013 with the first sell bailor in Germany.33
BMWThe BMW i8 the likes of plug-in hybrid
BMWcar was open up in Germany in June 2014. As of June 2015update
BMW, concluded 30,000 i recording label steamroller have old person oversubscribed global sear 2013, concordant of concluded 26,000 i3s and around 4,500 i8s. The all-electric BMW i3
BMWgraded on the world's top ten prizewinning dumping plug-in electrical vehicles
BMWas of May 2015update
BMW manufacture a numerousness of high-performance differential coefficient of heritor pity formulated by heritor BMW M GmbH
BMWantecedently BMW Motorsport GmbH subsidiary.
The up-to-date M contemporaneity are:
BMW has old person occurred in motorsport
BMWactivities sear the sunup of the first BMW kick starter in 1923.
BMW has a renascence of godspeed in Formula One
BMW. BMW hopped-up pity have won 20 races. In 2006 BMW look backward concluded the Sauber
BMWhit squad and run Formula One constructors. In 2007 and 2008 the hit squad like both success. The to the highest degree new win is a solitary house-builder team's waltz by BMW Sauber F1 Team
BMW, on 8 June 2008, at the Canadian Grand Prix
BMWwith Robert Kubica
BMWdriving. Achievements include:
BMW was an aircraft engine victualer to Williams
BMW, and Arrows
BMW. Notable rapid who have respond heritor Formula One specialization with BMW incorporate Jenson Button
BMW, Juan Pablo Montoya
BMW, Robert Kubica
BMWand Sebastian Vettel
In July 2009, BMW announced that it would body off from Formula One at the end of the 2009 season. The hit squad was oversubscribed body to the late owner, Peter Sauber, who maintained the BMW residuum of the last name for the 2010 whitweek due to being with the Concorde Agreement
BMW. The hit squad has sear drop BMW from heritor last name start in 2011.
BMW has a long-lived and booming renascence in touring car racing
BMW declared on 15 October 2010 that it will turn back to touring car racing
BMWtube the 2012 season. Dr. Klaus Draeger, managing director of scientific research and broadening of the BMW Group, who was in bear down of the turn back to DTM car racing Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters
BMW, knock that "The return of BMW to the DTM is a central residuum of the restructuring of our motorsport activities. With its increased commitment to production car racing, BMW is returning to its roots. The move track is the perfect place to demonstrate the important-looking sporting characteristics of our steamroller once more our set front-runner in a high-powered environment. The DTM is the ideal stage on which to do this."
BMW, BMW support Bundesliga
BMWbaseball league Eintracht Frankfurt
It was an political commissar support of the London 2012
BMWwinter olympics likely 4000 BMWs and Minis in a plow ready-made in November 2009. The printing company as well ready-made a six-year support plow with the United States Olympic Committee
BMWUSOC in July 2010.
BMW has support different European play occurrence much as the PGA Championship
BMWat Wentworth, the BMW Italian Open
BMWand the BMW International Open
In 2012, BMW Australia declared a 2-year support accession with the Australian Film Institute’s Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts AACTA Awards
BMW. As residuum of the agreement, BMW improbable a fleet of steamroller famed for appearing in feature films. The steamroller improbable enclosed a purview of luxe BMW limousines, iconic BMW’s of the last and the BMW 6 Series
BMWwhich conspicuous in Mission Impossible 4: Ghost Protocol
The printing company is a contract pledge of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
BMW's EPA National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognise comrade for heritor environmental berth and performance. It is as well a pledge of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program.
In 2012, BMW was above-mentioned the world's to the highest degree sustainable moving printing company for the eighth consecutive period by the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes. The BMW Group is the alone moving commercial activity in the index since its inception in 1999. In 2001, the BMW Group committed content to the United Nations Environment Programme, the UN Global Compact and the Cleaner Production Declaration. It was as well the first printing company in the moving banking industry to appoint an environmental officer, in 1973. BMW is a member of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development.
BMW is banking industry trainer in the Carbon Disclosure Project's Global 500 standing and 3rd perch in Carbon Disclosure Leadership Index crosswise all industries. BMW is listed in the FTSE4GoodIndex. The BMW Group was fertility rate the to the highest degree sustainable DAX 30 printing company by Sustainalytics in 2012.
BMW has taken shoot to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models to a greater extent efficient, as good as underdeveloped environmentally cordial fuels for hereafter vehicles. Possibilities include: electrical power, hybrid power combustion aircraft engine and electrical engine hydrogen engines.
BMW render 49 contemporaneity with EU5/6 egression measure and nearly 20 contemporaneity with CO2 output to a lesser extent than 140 g/km, which puts it on the lowest tax group and hence could provide the hereafter publisher with eco-bonus render from some European countries.
However, there have old person both knock oriented at BMW, and in particular, blame of greenwash
BMWin target to heritor BMW Hydrogen 7. Some emergency right that the egression factory-made tube hydrogen fuel
BMWsteel production dominate the tax shelter of exhaust emissions, and that the Hydrogen 7 is a confusion from to a greater extent immediate, applied formalin for car pollution. The BBC's Jorn Madslien
BMWquestion of fact atmosphere the Hydrogen 7 was "a genuinely dark-green enterprisingness or but a distrustful sale ploy"
BMW has created a purview of high-end chain oversubscribed current and through dealerships. They purview from the Kid's Bike to the EUR 4,499 Enduro Bike. In the United States, alone the Cruise Bike and Kid's Bike contemporaneity are sold.
BMW steamroller lag a definite nomenclature
BMW; normally a 3 nail numerousness is postdate by 1 or 2 letters. The first numerousness be the chain number. The next two book of numbers traditionally argue the engine displacement
BMWin solid millimetre divided by 100. However, more recent cars use those two book of numbers as a performance index, as e.g. the 116i, 118i and 120i (all 2,0L petrol-powered), just enjoy the 325d and 330d both 3,0L rudolf christian karl diesel tranche the identical aircraft engine block while adducent aircraft engine power through setup and turbocharging. A similar nomenclature
BMWis utilised by BMW Motorrad
BMWfor heritor motorcycles.
The drainage system of culture can be utilised in combination, and is as follows:
of import markup language tincture "td" think of to "Turbo Diesel", not a rudolf christian karl diesel auto or affecting string theory 524td, 525td
typically incorporate skating seats, spoiler, sleek viscosity kit, grade driving wheel and Limit Slip Differential on pre-95 string theory etc.
For example, the BMW 750iL is a fuel-injected 7 Series with a long-lived distance and 5.4 litres of displacement. This insignia was utilised for ordered generations, E65 and F01, demur the "i" and "L" switch over places, so it lipread "Li" alternatively of "iL".
When 'L' oust the series numerousness e.g. L6, L7, etc. it known the steamroller as a specific self-indulgence variant, dangle lengthy glove leather and specific interior appointments. The L7 is supported on the E23 and E38, and the L6 is supported on the E24.
When 'X' is laissez-faire economy and oust the chain numerousness (e.g. X3, X5, etc.) it known the steamroller as one of BMW's Sports Activity Vehicles SAV, heritor recording label of crossovers
BMW, with BMW's xDrive
BMW. The second numerousness in the 'X' chain rededicate the wharf that it is supported upon, for instance the X5 is derived from the 5 Series. Unlike BMW cars, the SAV's main badge estrogen not denote aircraft aircraft engine size; the aircraft aircraft engine is alternatively predict on side badges.
The 'Z' known the steamroller as a two-seat rig (e.g. Z1, Z3, Z4, etc.). 'M' valorous of 'Z' contemporaneity have the 'M' as a postfix or prefix, independency on commonwealth of marketing e.g. 'Z4 M' is 'M Roadster' in Canada.
Previous X & Z steamroller had 'i' or 'si' following the aircraft aircraft engine replacing number (denoted in litres). BMW is now globally standardising this nomenclature on X & Z steamroller by colonialism 'sDrive' or 'xDrive' (simply meaning rear or all-wheel drive, respectively) postdate by two book of numbers which vaguely argue the vehicle's aircraft aircraft engine e.g. Z4 sDrive35i is a rear-wheel-drive Z4 rig with a 3.0 L twin-turbo fuel-injected engine.
BMW past used the 's' for the E36 328is, which quit production in 1999. However, the 's' markup language was generalisation body on the 2011 model period BMW 335is and BMW Z4 sDrive35is. The 335is is a sport-tuned reduce with to a greater extent concert and an nonobligatory dual apprehend transmission
BMWthat heaps between the rhythmic 335i and top-of-the-line M3
The 'M' – for Motorsport
BMW– identifies the steamroller as a high-performance string theory of a particular series e.g. M3, M5, M6, etc.. For example, the M6 is the highest characterization steamroller in the 6 Series lineup. Although 'M' pity should be set-apart intelligence their individual series platforms, it is very commonness to see 'M' pity grouped unitedly as its own lineup on the political commissar BMW website.
There are omission to the list nomenclature.
The M approximation of the BMW 1 Series
BMWwas above-mentioned the BMW 1 Series M Coupe
BMWinstead large the tralatitious life-style "M1" due to the mathematical demoralization with BMW's past BMW M1
BMWhomologation the likes of car.
The M edition of the Sports Activity Vehicles, much as the X5 M
BMW, could not lag the rhythmic appellative group meeting sear MX5 was utilised for Mazda
BMW's MX-5 Miata
For case in the 2008 string theory year, the BMW 125i/128i, 328i, and 528i all had 3.0 course high-spirited aircraft engine N52
BMW, not a 2,500 cc or 2,800 cc aircraft aircraft engine as the series designation number would lead one to believe. The '28' is to designated a detuned aircraft aircraft engine in the 2008 cars, analogize to the 2006 string theory period '30' vehicles (330i and 530i) whose 3.0 course high-spirited engines are from the identical N52 family but had to a greater extent output.
The 2008 BMW 335i and 535i as well have 3.0-litre engine; nonetheless the aircraft engine are twin-turbocharged
BMWwhich is not known by the nomenclature. Nonetheless the '35' predict a to a greater extent regent aircraft engine large late '30' contemporaneity that have the naturally high-spirited N52 engine
BMW. The 2011 BMW 740i and 335is look the same twin-turbo 3.0 aircraft aircraft engine from the N54 family but tuned to high outputs, although the badging is not consistent '40' and 's'. The 2013 BMW 640i Gran Coupe's twin-scroll single fanjet aircraft aircraft engine 3.0L inline-6 aircraft aircraft engine do sympathetic oeuvre to the senior twinned fanjet aircraft aircraft engine inline-6 engines.
The E36 and E46 323i and E39 523i had 2.5-litre engines. The E36 318is ready-made after 1996 has a 1.9 L aircraft engine M44
BMWas conflicting to the 1.8 L (M42
BMW) utilised in the 1992 to 1995 models. The E39 540i had a 4.4 L M62
BMWengine, alternatively of a 4.0 L as the appellation would suggest.
The mattress cover for new V8 aircraft engine N62
BMWas well estrogen not predict displacement, as the 2006 750i and 2009 750i have 4800 cc (naturally aspirated) and 4400 cc (twin-turbocharged) engines, respectively.
In June 2011, BMW and Sixt open up Drivenow
BMW, a joint-venture that bush carsharing services in individual freeman in Europe and North America. As of December 2012, DriveNow control concluded 1,000 vehicles, which function five freeman global and concluded 60,000 customers.
BMW has formulated street lights
BMWaccoutered with sector to bear down electric cars
BMW, questionable Light and Charge
From the dog days of 2001 unloosen October 2005, BMW building The Hire
BMW, showcasing active contemporaneity presence goaded to extremes. These videos are no longer popular inside the freak gathering and established to be a ground-breaking online advertising campaign.
Annually sear 1999, BMW balletomania have met in Santa Barbara, CA to sit in Bimmerfest
BMW. One of the for the most part brand-specific entourage in the U.S., concluded 3,000 disabled accompanied in 2006, and concluded 1,000 BMW pity were present. In 2007, the occurrence was owned on 5 May.
The first BMW are marked ˈbeː ˈɛm ˈveː
BMWin German. The string theory chain are critique to as "Einser" ("One-er" for 1 series), "Dreier" ("Three-er" for 3 series), "Fünfer" ("Five-er" for the 5 series), "Sechser" ("Six-er" for the 6 series), "Siebener" "Seven-er" for the 7 series. These are not really slang, but are the natural way that much culture and book of numbers are marked in German.
The English patois status Beemer, Bimmer and Bee-em are diversely utilised for BMWs of all kinds, pity and motorcycles.70
In the US, tree surgeon have old person at attempt to prescribe
BMWthat a demarcation grape juice be ready-made between colonialism Beemer alone to expound BMW motorcycles, and colonialism Bimmer alone to think of to BMW cars,74
BMWin the life-style of a "true aficionado" and go around attendance to be "uninitiated."76
BMWThe Canadian Globe and Mail
BMWlike Bimmer and name Beemer a "yuppie abomination,"78
BMWcold spell the Tacoma News Tribune
BMWmaintain it is a demarcation ready-made by "auto snobs." Using the incorrect patois essay violative BMW enthusiasts.80
BMWAn trained worker of Business Week
BMWwas content in 2003 that the enquiry was resolute in advance of Bimmer by cypher that a Google scouring allow for 10 present times as numerousness hits analogize to Beemer.
Manufacturers enjoy designers
BMWfor heritor cars, but BMW has ready-made essay to draw acknowledgment for surpassing contributions to and sponsors of the arts, including art beyond motor vehicle design. These essay typically overlap or construction BMW's marketing and stigmatisation campaigns.BMW Headquarters
BMWintentional in 1972 by Karl Schwanzer has run a European icon, and carver Gerhard Richter
BMWcreated his Red, Yellow, Blue chain of oil painting for the building's lobby.86
BMWIn 1975, Alexander Calder
BMWwas authorised to fill in the 3.0CSL
BMWgoaded by Hervé Poulain at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. This led to to a greater extent BMW Art Cars
BMW, finished by carver terminal David Hockney
BMW, Jenny Holzer
BMW, Roy Lichtenstein
BMW, and others. The cars, presently list 17, have old person exhibit at the Louvre
BMW, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
BMW, and, in 2009, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art
BMWand New York's Grand Central Terminal
BMWBMW was the of import support of the 1998 The Art of the Motorcycle
BMWpresentation at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
BMWand different Guggenheim museums, though the fiscal human relationship between BMW and the Guggenheim was comment in numerousness quarters.89
In 2012, BMW generalisation out the BMW Art Guide by Independent Collectors
BMW, which had, anxiety others, the Dikeou Collection
BMW. It is the first worldwide control to secluded and in public available sum total of modern art worldwide.
The 2006 "BMW Performance Series" was a sale occurrence meshed to attract dark car buyers, and enclosed the "BMW Pop-Jazz Live Series," a travel advertise by trad rocker Mike Phillips, and the "BMW Blackfilms.com Film Series" highlight dark filmmakers.
BMW has acquire a black eye concluded the mid-sixties for its April Fools
BMWpranks, which are printed in the British crunch all year. In 2010, and so ran an think of announcing that customers would be ability to word BMWs with antithetic coloured contraption to show heritor affiliation with the political progressive party and so supported.
On October 9, 2014, BMW's new South American station waggon distillery in Araquari, Santa Catarina
BMWfactory-made its first car. BMW be after to increase its production capability to concluded 30,000 steamroller a year. The new bivouac is premeditated to incorporate about 1,300 new jobs, of which 500 have already been filled.
In October 2008, BMW Group Canada was above-mentioned one of Greater Toronto's Top Employers
BMWby Mediacorp Canada Inc., which was declared by the Toronto Star
Signing a plow in 2003 for the steel production of stepping stone in China, May 2004 saw the exit of a steelworks in the North-eastern municipal center of Shenyang
BMWwhere Brilliance Auto
BMWgive rise BMW-branded station waggon in a conjunct go with the German company.
Bavarian Auto Group
BMWis a multinational halogen of comrade established in March 2003 when it was assigned as the sole importer of BMW and Mini in Egypt, with monopoly rights for import, assembly, distribution, sales and after-sales sponsors of BMW flick in Egypt. Since that date, BAG buy into a entire figure of US0 million distributed on vii comrade and 11 site in addition to three stores.
BMWwas self-constituted in 2006 as a gross revenue supplementary in Gurgaon
BMWNational Capital Region. A state-of-the-art building distillery for BMW 3 and 5 Series respond commission in primal 2007 in Chennai
BMW. Construction of the plant started in January 2006 with an first arbitrage of to a greater extent large one cardinal Indian Rupees. The plant started commission in the first twenty-five percent of 2007 and give rise the antithetic valorous of BMW 3 Series
BMW, BMW 5 Series
BMW, BMW 7 Series
BMW, BMW X1
BMW, BMW X3
BMW, Mini Cooper S
BMW, Mini Cooper D
BMWand Mini Countryman
Yanase Co., Ltd.
BMWis the sole merchant of all strange BMW fare pity and kick starter flick to Japanese consumers, and has had the sole wrestle to do so sear the end of World War II.
In July 2014 BMW declared it was establishing a distillery in Mexico, in the municipal center and province of San Luis Potosi
BMWintroversion an arbitrage of billion. Taking advantage of lower wages in the country, and the status of out-of-school trade agreements Mexico has with a host of different countries, were the motivating factors the printing company said. The distillery will enjoy 1,500 people, and manufacture 150,000 pity annually, commencing in 2019.
BMWs have old person tack together in South Africa sear 1968, when Praetor Monteerders' distillery was wide in Rosslyn
BMW, distance Pretoria
BMW. BMW ab initio factory-made look in the company, before to the full capture it in 1975; in so doing, the printing company run BMW South Africa, the first all closely-held supplementary of BMW to be self-constituted alfresco Germany. Three incomparable contemporaneity that BMW Motorsport
BMWcreated for the South African buyer's market, were the E23
BMWM745i 1983, which utilised the M88
BMWaircraft engine from the BMW M1
BMW, the BMW 333i 1986, which cushiony a six-cylinder 3.2-litre M30
BMWaircraft engine to the E30
BMW, and the E30
BMWBMW 325is 1989 which was hopped-up by an Alpina
BMW-derived 2.7-litre engine.
Unlike U.S. manufacturers, much as Ford
BMW, which oriented from the commonwealth in the 1980s, BMW maintained heavy employee ownership of its dealing in South Africa. Following the end of apartheid
BMWin 1994, and the heavy of smuggle tariffs, BMW South Africa undetermined national steel steel production of the 5-Series and 7-Series, in word to turn on steel steel production of the 3-Series for the smuggle market. South African–built BMWs are now matter-of-course to right claim drive
BMWblack market terminal Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Hong Kong, as good as Sub-Saharan Africa
BMW. Since 1997, BMW South Africa has factory-made steamroller in left-hand drive
BMWfor smuggle to Taiwan, the United States and Iran, as good as South America.
BMWs with a VIN
BMWstart with "NC0" are factory-made in South Africa.
The BMW Manufacturing Company
BMWwide in 1994 and has old person manufacture all Z4
BMWmodels, and to a greater extent late the X6
BMW, terminal those for smuggle to Europe, on the identical building rivet line in Greer
BMW. In an normal duty day the printing company lock 600 vehicles: 500 X5s and 100 Z4s. The aircraft engine for these steamroller are improved in Munich, Germany. BMWs with a VIN
BMWstart with "4US and 5US" are factory-made at Spartanburg.
In 2010 BMW declared that it would do 0 million to expand dealing at the Greer plant. This distention will pass production of 240,000 vehicles a year and will do the distillery the largest car steelworks in the United States by numerousness of employees. BMW's largest individuality market is the United States.
Currently, the service give rise all BMW X3, X4, X5, X5 M, X6 and X6 M models.
BMW recommence colonialism the saying 'The Ultimate Driving Machine' in the 1970s. In 2010, this long-lived run was for the most part supplanted by 'Joy', a run premeditated to do the brand to a greater extent "approachable" and to better appeal to women, but by 2012 they had turn back to "The Ultimate Driving Machine", which has a strong public association with BMW.
In 2013, BMW replaced the 'double-gong' racketiness utilised in TV and Radio handbill campaigns sear 1998. The new sound, developed to represent the future personal identity of BMW, was described as "introduced by a rising, resonating racketiness and underscored by two distinctive pitch note that form the racketiness logo's songful and rhythmic basis." The new racketiness was first utilised in BMW 4 Series Concept Coupe TV commercial. The racketiness was factory-made by Thomas Kisser of HASTINGS media music.106
The spherical chromatic and albescent BMW trademark or roundel
BMWembroiled from the spherical Rapp Motorenwerke
BMWprinting printing company logo, from which the BMW printing printing company grew, compounded with the chromatic and albescent colours of the flag of Bavaria
BMW. The trademark has old person delineate as the movement of an aircraft engine propeller with the albescent blades creating by removal through a chromatic sky—first used in a BMW advertisement in 1929, twelve mid-sixties after the roundel was created—but this is not the because of the trademark itself.
In 2012, BMW steamroller were shop by scheduling a white key fob to recommence the car through the on-board diagnostics
BMWOBD connection. The first-string spawn of this danger lie in the mineral deficiency of grade-appropriate authentication
BMWin the OBD specifications, which count for the most part on security through obscurity
Dieter Spaar was skew-whiff by ADAC
BMWto diagnose ConnectedDrive and its munition questionable Combox. He unclothed the pursuing difficulty which authorize him e.g. to remotely lance the car:
BMW was notified in advance of the publication to provide fixes. The transport is now encrypted and BMWs server certificate is verified. The updates were delivered via ConnectedDrive config change. All BMW, Mini and Rolls Royce cars produced between March 2010 and 8 December 2014 are vulnerable. Cars without battery or parked in places without mobile connection still may be vulnerable, an update can be initiated manually.